Population: 66.1 million inhabitants in France beginning of 2015
More than 66 million people lived in metropolitan France and four overseas departments on 1 January 2015, according to final figures released Wednesday by INSEE
More than 66 million people lived in metropolitan France and four overseas departments on 1 January 2015, according to final figures released Wednesday by INSEE, which show an average annual increase in population of 0.5% since 2010 .
France, excluding Mayotte, had 66,190,280 inhabitants, according to these figures of “legal populations”, an increase of 283,294 inhabitants compared to the data as of January 1, 2014, and published a year ago by INSEE.
Calculated from information collected during census surveys, this final figure includes the departments of Guadeloupe, Guyana, Réunion and Martinique. Mayotte, which officially became the 101st French department on March 31, 2011, is not included in this total.
According to the National Institute of Statistics, in 2015 France had 1.5 million more inhabitants than in 2010, an average increase of 0.5% per year.
Of the 35,399 communes in France, 261 had fewer than 30 inhabitants. One in five lived in one of the 100 most populated municipalities in the country.
The legal population figures, which will be the subject of a decree published in the Official Gazette before the beginning of the year 2018, determine the amount of the grant that the State pays to each municipality to ensure its functioning, the level of the compensation of municipal councilors, the voting system that applies to municipal elections, or the number of pharmacies that can be located in the town, said INSEE in a statement.
Between 2010 and 2015, 75 departments saw their population increase. Nevertheless, according to a focus on departmental populations, the changes are different from one territory to another depending on natural movements (births and deaths) and migratory movements (entry and exit on a territory).
The Ile-de-France, the overseas departments, and those where the major cities are located (Rhône, Bouches-du-Rhône) concentrate youth. Natural surpluses (more births than deaths) thus peaked in Guyana (+ 2.3% natural balance), in the departments of Ile-de-France and Réunion (+ 1%).
Conversely, in the departments of the center and the southwestern quarter (Gers, Lot, Charentes), where the population is older, the deaths were higher. The natural balance is “particularly deficit” in Creuse (-0.8%), Nièvre or Cantal (-0.5%), according to INSEE.
But the population changes due to migration “offer an almost inverted image” of the territory, he says.
Thus, the departments of north-eastern France, up to the north of the Ile-de-France, including Paris, experienced more departures than arrivals on their territory, while south of this line, the population arrivals were superior.
The contribution of the migratory surplus to demographic growth has been particularly high in Corsica, Hérault, Gironde, Landes and Pyrénées-Orientales (more than 1% net migration). The Mediterranean border (Bouches-du-Rhône, Alpes-Maritimes) has however experienced a slight decline.
Including both natural and migratory movements, it is in Guyana, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, on the Atlantic coast, in Occitania, Ile-de-France and Corsica that the population grew the most strongly over this period.